Company:

SHINRYO Corporation

Products:

scSTREAM

Industries:

Energy

Making the most of CFD by effect coordination with BIM

Overview:

The demand for solutions to energy problems continues to grow, which underlines the significance of reducing energy consumption in the context of architecture lifecycle. SHINRYO CORPORATION has made remarkable achievements in the field of air-conditioning system design, which is crucial for solving this energy issue. They have introduced a way to incorporate CFD into their BIM system. This has equipped their engineers with the design tools needed to optimize air-conditioning systems.


 
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Company:

Keihin Corporation

Products:

SC/Tetra

Industries:

Aerospace

Performing aerodynamic noise analyses to meet demands for noise reduction

Overview:

As EVs and HEVs (hybrid and electric vehicles) become more common, the need for quiet and highly efficient vehicle HVAC (Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning) equipment has become increasingly important. Noise reduction is critical for air-conditioning equipment and tools using fans to move air. Keihin Corporation uses SC/Tetra to conduct aerodynamic noise analyses to identify noise sources and evaluate countermeasures to reduce noise levels. Using computational tools to predict noise is extremely complex and is considered a very challenging flow simulation application.


 
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Company:

e-Xstream engineering

Products:

Digimat
Marc

Industries:

Automotive

Digimat-FE to identify Anisotropic Damping Behavior of multi-phases materials

Challenge:

Reinforced plastics and composite materials are chosen more and more because of their improved performance regarding damping for NVH applications compared to current metals. Material specialists need to efficiently identify this mechanical characteristic which, like the stiffness and failure, is anisotropic and driven by local fiber orientations in the material’s microstructure. Moreover for NVH purposes, the frequency dependency must be clearly identified in order to provide accurate material models to design engineers.

Benefits:
  • Available in < 2 days when using available constituent models
  • Quickly evaluate various multiphase materials to identify the best candidates for NVH targets
  • Avoid waiting time and unneeded cost of performing additional experimental tests for each candidate material

 
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Company:

e-Xstream engineering

Products:

Digimat
Marc

Industries:

Aerospace

Effect of Residual Stresses Induced by Manufacturing Process in Discontinuous Fiber Composites (DFC) Made Part

Challenge:

Discontinuous fiber composites (DFC) are produced by compression molding of prepreg chips which are made of a combination of unidirectional fiber and a Thermoset or ThermoPlastic matrix. In some cases, matrix is made of thermoset which consolidate through a chemical/ cure reaction at elevated temperature. However, when the curing cycle is not well monitored it can be observed some cracks that appear between the chips due to apparition of thermal stresses normal to two chips.

Due to their complex microstructure, these materials request the definition of new dedicated methods in order to capture accurately the local orientation and to compute the local homogenized properties in order to simulate correctly the curing and the design process. Hence, the Digimat platform is used to build a complete methodology to compute these residual stresses and to take them into account during the design cycle of the part.

Benefits:
  • Propose a complete methodology to analyze Discontinuous Fiber Composites: Understand the effect of the local microstructure on the behavior of the part.
  • Improve the understanding of the effects of the manufacturing cycle parameters: Evaluate the risk fo the apparition of defects between the chips for a given set of parameters of manufacturing (pressure, temperature histories). Though their nature is different, this procedure can be applied for both, thermoset or thermoplastic resin.

 
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Company:

National Institute for Aviation Research

Products:

Digimat

Industries:

Aerospace
Automotive

Digimat Virtual Allowables

Challenge:

Designing lightweight CFRP structures with confidence requires access to allowables values. Allowables generation is extremely time and money consuming. Various layups, coupon tests and environment conditions must be covered for each characterized material system. Each test configuration must be repeated many times to obtain a statistical evaluation of the mechanical property.

Results Validation:

Digimat-VA successfully predicted allowable values within 10% error for all cases except the soft open-hole tension scenario. Typical run times for unnotched tests were 3 minutes, while it look less than 10 minutes for open-hole cases.


 
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Company:

e-Xstream engineering

Products:

Digimat
Marc

Industries:

Aerospace

Use of Digimat to Simulate Progressive Failure in a T-Stiffener Accounting Voids Due to Manufacturing Defects

Challenge:

Laminate T-stiffeners are widely used in the aerospace industry to transfer the 3D complex loads between the stiffeners and the skins. However, the way they are manufactured can affect the inherent properties.

In this case, we have considered that the stiffener and the skin were assembled using an RTM process but because of the poor infiltration of the resin due to the fiber orientation changings, some dry spots appear in the noodle. These dry spots or voids affect the mechanical properties of the noodle and this knock-down of properties must be taken into account during the design process.

Results Validation:

With Digimat, effective modeling solution enables to understand the sequence of failure of the structure and the resultant load level. The results allowed to capture the progressive loss of stiffness of the structure and the resulting load.


 
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Company:

Omni-Lite Industries

Products:

Simufact
Simufact Forming

Industries:

Machinery

Simufact Reduces Development Costs and Time in Cold Forming Tool Design

Overview:

Omni-Lite Industries is an advanced materials company. They recently designed a new part that was exhibiting a unique material flow. The part was cold formed out of 1100 aluminum material. The manufacturing process for this new part utilized a three-die progression, and was produced on a Nakashimada TH3-6A cold forming machine.

Results Validation:

Omni-Lite found that there is a very accurate correlation between the software prediction of material flow and the real-world results from the heading tooling. The results prove that simulation is a very necessary tool to use for cold forming tool design in order to reduce development cost and product development lead time.

Benefits:
  • Reduce product development costs
  • Reduce time to market by eliminating need for repetitive physical testing
  • Very close correlation between physical test results and Simufact simulation results

 
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Company:

Omni-Lite Industries

Products:

Simufact
Simufact Forming

Industries:

Machinery

Omni-Lite Optimizes Manufacturing Process of Automotive Rivet using Simulation Software

Overview:

Omni-Lite is a rapidly growing advanced materials company that develops and manufactures precision components utilized by several Fortune 500 companies including Boeing, Airbus, Alcoa, Ford, Caterpillar, Borg Warner, Chrysler, and the US Military, Nike, and Adidas. To aid in its aggressive product development process, the engineering team began using the sophisticated finite element forging simulation software package Simufact.forming, from MSC Software.

Results Validation:

It was found that Simufact.forming provides invaluable information at a critical time in the design process. The software provides the opportunity to see how design variations will work out prior to purchasing any tooling. It allows Omni-Lite to shorten its process development time considerably, and respond faster to customer requirements and design new products faster.

Benefits:
  • Optimize manufacturing process to reduce development time
  • Ability to respond more quickly to changing customer requirements
  • Accelerated innovation due to faster design process

 
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Company:

DEMA SpA

Products:

MSC Apex

Industries:

Aerospace

MSC Apex reduces time required to analyze aircraft avionics door for damage scenarios by 60%

Overview:

DEMA SpA is a major aerospace supplier that provides work packages for many major aircraft programs such as the Boeing 787, Airbus A380 and A321, ATR 42-72, Augusta Westland AW139, and Bombardier CS100. DEMA recently designed and built an innovative avionics bay pressurized door for a commuter jet. DEMA engineers developed an innovative design concept in which the door is assembled from sheet metal using a machinable plate that saves weight by eliminating the need for mechanical joints. DEMA needed to analyze the ability of the door to meet in-flight structural requirements in spite of multiple damage scenarios that might be incurred during service operations or could result from manufacturing variation in order to determine whether or not the structure maintains a sufficient safety margin. These damage scenario analyses are used as the basis for inspection protocols that are performed on a regular basis to ensure that the door is flight-ready.

Results Validation:

“Editing the geometry for one scenario took only 4 hours, a 75% reduction from the traditional method,” said Antonio Miraglia, Stress Lead for DEMA. “Prepping the model took four hours, the same as the traditional method. A total of 8 hours were thus required to model each scenario and 32 hours were required for all four scenarios, a 60% reduction from the time required in the past.”

Benefits:
  • Process of constructing 4 damage scenarios reduced from 80 hours to 32 hours
  • Time to modify geometry reduced by 75%
  • Solver validation further reduces the process from 80 hours to 26 hours

 
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Company:

TECHDYN Engineering

Products:

Marc

Industries:

Consumer Products
Energy

Marc Accurately Predicts Results of Dynamic Tensile Extrusion Test

Overview:

In a wide range of industrial and defense applications, materials are required to perform at extreme operating conditions involving large plastic deformation, high strain rates, elevated temperatures and severe dynamic pressure. For example, materials used in armor and antiarmor technology experience deformations of 500% and higher, strain rates up to 106 per second, temperatures above the material’s melting point and pressure of several gigapascals (GPa). Likewise, in industrial applications such as forging, hot rolling, extrusion, wire drawing and sheet metal forming, workpieces undergo plastic deformations ranging up to 100%, temperatures from 500oC to 800oC, strain rates up to 100 per second and pressures up to several hundred Megapascals (MPa). Other examples of applications where high deformations, temperatures, strain rates and pressures are experienced include perforating guns in the oil and gas industry, debris impact in aerospace engineering and ship collisions in naval engineering.

Results Validation:

Now that TECHDYN has validated their material model and ability to simulate extreme conditions, the company is preparing to offer engineering consulting services using Marc with the new material model to provide accurate simulations of extreme conditions. “The ability to accurately simulate extreme conditions will help improve product performance by making it practical to evaluate many more design alternatives than would be practical using the build and test method while at the same time reducing product development cost and leadtime,” Bonora said.

Benefits:
  • Reduce physical tests
  • Improve accuracy of material behavior prediction
  • Improve product performance

 
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Company:

Boiler Structure

Products:

MSC Apex
MSC Nastran

Industries:

Energy

Static Simulation of Boiler Structure in Power Plant Using MSC Apex and MSC Nastran

Overview:

Power plant sites consists of numerous built up structures, each of which must be designed for positive margins of safety. Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is a common numerical method used for determining and improving the strength and dynamic performance of such structures. With an increasing need to find optimal power plant structural designs, the most efficient FEA workflows are critical. This case study discusses methods to expedite the FEA process, namely: rapid construction of Finite Element meshes from geometry and leveraging FEA technology to quickly connect hundreds of structural members.

Challenge:

Most industrial structures consists of hundreds of structural members, many of which have the common trait of being thin-walled. This boiler structure, part of a large power plant, is an example that is characterized by thin-walled members. Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is a common method used for strength analysis, but the large size of this structure presents a number of challenges that can delay FEA. The first challenge involves constructing the finite element model, and traditionally requires hours of work. The second challenge is adjoining numerous structural members together, but the process should be both rapid and without error. The use of MSC Apex for mesh construction and the use of MSC Nastran for analysis is demonstrated.

Benefits:
  • MSC Apex accelerates the creation of midsurface geometry and FEM model
  • MSC Nastran Glue Technology is leveraged to perform strength analysis on highly an interconnected structure

 
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Company:

TürkTraktör/Bias Engineering

Products:

Adams

Industries:

Heavy Equipment
Machinery

Adams Machinery Predicts Results of Driveline Testing in Only Two Weeks

Overview:

With annual production of 50,000 tractors, TürkTraktör is the largest producer of tractors in Turkey. The powertrains of the company’s tractors contain many gear pairs and gear groups that transmit torque through the system. For example, the transmission group includes spur and helical gear pairs. Next the torque is transmitted to the differential via a hypoid gear pair. After the differential, a planetary gear group reduces the torque. The torque is transmitted through shafts between gear pairs and most of the shafts are fastened with multiple bearings to the chassis.

Results Validation:

With the simulation model validated, TürkTraktör engineers will begin using it as part of the design process. “We are planning to use simulation in future development projects to minimize lead time and cost,” Akce said. “We have concluded that we can accurately predict the results of a testing campaign that takes several months with only two weeks of simulation. The faster speed and lower cost of simulation will also give us the ability to evaluate more design alternatives than was possible in the past. This will make it possible to reduce the weight and cost of some parts and to increase the durability of others. Of course, the design will be subjected to durability testing as a final validation step.”

Benefits:
  • Accurately predict the results of a testing campaign that takes several months with only two weeks of simulation
  • Faster speed and lower cost of simulation will also give them the ability to evaluate more design alternatives than was possible in the past
  • Adams Machinery Gear module was leveraged to quickly and easily model the gear pairs in the driveline system
  • Bearing was conveniently generated using the Adams Machinery bearing library by referencing the product code

 
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Company:

Anadolu Isuzu

Products:

Adams

Industries:

Automotive

Adams Helps Reduce Time and Cost of the Fatigue Test

Overview:

Andolu Isuzu’s new 12 meter long bus, called the Citiport, is equipped with a ZF 6-speed full automatic transmission and a 6 cylinder common rail turbo diesel Cummins engine that produces 283 horsepower at 2100 rpm. The bus can be configured to hold up to 103 people. A wheelchair ramp and kneeling system simplify entry and exit for passengers with disabilities. The bus uses an independent air suspension powered by an electric or engine-driven air pump or compressor. This compressor pumps the air into a flexible bellows made from textilereinforced rubber. The air pressure inflates the bellows, and raises the chassis from the axle. There are two air suspensions in the front of the bus and four in the rear.

Results Validation:

With the aid of simulation results, Anadolu Isuzu engineers were able to dramatically improve the initial design concept. For example, the optimized suspension design parameters developed in the simulation reduced the rollover risk by 8.37%. The fatigue life predictions highlighted excessive stress in several body components. These components were redesigned to meet design specifications. “The use of simulation reduced the cost of the product development process because fewer physical prototypes and less physical testing were required,” Sert said. “Simulation also reduced the time required to bring the new product to market. The product was introduced about one year ago and has become a major success in the export market.”

Benefits:
  • The optimized suspension design parameters developed in the simulation reduced the rollover risk by 8.37%
  • Simulation also reduced the time required to bring the new product to market, which is a major success
  • The predictions of the simulation model closely matched the results of actual measurements

 
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Company:

Framework Construction

Products:

MSC Apex
MSC Nastran

Industries:

Energy

Static Simulation for Framework Construction in Power Plant Using MSC Apex

Overview:

Many structures in plant engineering are characterized as thinwalled. The Finite Element Method (FEM) is a common method used to assess the performance of such thin structures. Creating a FEM model of a thin structure involves midsurfacing models and meshing with shell elements. However, the process for creating FEM models is time consuming often requiring hours and days. The use of MSC Apex can help produce midsurface models significantly faster than with other traditional CAE pre/post processors. In addition to FEM creation, MSC Apex can be used to perform strength analysis.

Benefits:
  • Geometry is easily edited to construct FEM models rapidly
  • FEM models are validated for materials, properties, mesh congruency, connections and boundary conditions
  • FEM models may be exported from MSC Apex and used in a separate pre/post processor

 
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Company:

KTH Royal Institute of Technology

Products:

Adams

Industries:

Machinery

Evaluating New Forestry Machines in a Fraction of the Time

Overview:

The predominant forest harvesting method used in northern Europe is cut-to-length logging (CTL). CTL is based on a two machine solution – a harvester is used for felling, delimbing and bucking trees and a forwarder carries the logs from the harvesting area to a roadside loading area where they can be picked up by a truck. These are both off-road machines with a frame mounted crane that operate in areas not accessible by conventional wheeled vehicles at low speed. In order to stay competitive, the Swedish logging industry needs to increase productivity by 2% to 3% per year.

Results Validation:

“Now that we have validated the ability of Adams to accurately simulate the performance of forwarders, we will be able to evaluate new design alternatives and optimize the performance of concept configurations in a fraction of the time required by the build and test method,” Ismoilov said. “The ability to evaluate more designs in less time will make it possible to optimize the suspension and other components of the vehicle in order to provide higher productivity without causing discomfort to the operator or damage to the soil.”

Benefits:
  • The Adams simulation verified different suspension configurations in terms of operator comfort and impact on the soil
  • The analyses results correlates well with physical tests on roll rate and other parameters
  • Adams provides the ability to evaluate more designs in less time to optimize the suspension and other components of the vehicle

 
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