Humans lose bone mass with age because their bones lose calcium and other minerals and become lighter, less dense and more porous. As this process continues, our bones become weaker, increasing the risk of bone fracture. A patient is said to have osteoporosis when bone mineral density (BMD), the concentration of minerals in a unit volume of bone, falls below a threshold value.
This innovative solution to osteoporosis developed by Infosys uses computer-assisted design and FEA for the evaluation of fracture risk of the vertebrae quantitatively. Stresses computed through the simulation provide more accurate assessment than traditional BMD measurements in the determination of fracture risk. It applies best practices in mechanical engineering to understand the biomechanics of vertebrae.